21 - Il y a plus de journalistes emprisonnés en Turquie que dans n’importe quel autre pays. (Voir : http://cpj.org/imprisoned/2012.php)
22- La maison d'édition Istos présente des oeuvres de fiction et de non fiction sur la riche histoire des Grecs de Turquie.
23 - Santral Istanbul, une ancienne centrale électrique, est aujourd’hui un centre d'art contemporain situé au sein du campus de l'Université Bilgi à Istanbul.
24- Le thème de la 13ème biennale d’art contemporain d’Istanbul est "Maman, suis-je un barbare ?"
25 - İnci, l'une des pâtisseries les plus appréciées d'Istanbul depuis 1944 où l'on pouvait déguster les meilleurs profiteroles de la ville, a malheureusement été forcée de fermer ses portes le 7 Décembre 2012 pour laisser sa place à un énorme centre commercial.
26 - Les Kurdes de Turquie ont célébré le nouvel an perse, Nevruz/Newroz/Norouz, toute la semaine du 20 mars.
27 - Comment souhaiter une bonne année “Nevruz” : Nevruz kutlu olsun (turc) ; Newroz pîroz be (Kurmandji); Newroz pîroz bo (Zazaki) et Newroztan pîroz bêt (Sorani).
28 - Une façon traditionnelle de célébrer Norouz est de sauter par-dessus un feu (voir photo ci-dessus).
29 - Norouz a été reconnue le 23 février 2010, comme la « Journée internationale du Norouz » par l'Assemblée générale de l'ONU
30 - Il existe plusieurs dialectes dans la langue kurde. Le kurde septentrional, le kurmandji, est parlé par la majorité des Kurdes de Turquie, de Syrie, et par une partie des Kurdes en Irak et en Iran, soit environ 60 % des Kurdes au total. Le kurde central, le sorani, est parlé par la majorité des Kurdes d'Irak et d'Iran, soit 30 % des Kurdes. Le kurde occidental zazaki est parlé principalement dans le Kurdistan turc. Le kurde oriental gorani est parlé au sud des régions kurdes de l'Irak et de l'Iran (source : Wikipedia).
31 – Après Londres, le plus ancien métro est en Turquie – Tünel.
32 – Ashure est un dessert turc composé de grains, de fruits et de noix, servi le jour de “L'Achoura”.
33 - Cornucopia Magazine est une publication anglaise au sujet de la Turquie.
34 – La station Sirkeci était le dernier arrêt de l'Orient Express allant de Paris à Istanbul entre1883 et 1977.
35 - L'artiste turque Ayşe Erkmen produit un ambitieux nouveau projet en automne 2013 pour le Barbican à Londres.
36 - La BD était souvent piratée en Turquie avant la signature de la Convention de Berne pour la protection des oeuvres littéraires et artistiques, en 1952.
La suite en anglais, que je traduis au fur et à mesure.
37 - Fans protest outside Istanbul's beloved Emek cinema, built 1924 and one of Istanbul's last 'movie palaces', due to be demolished & replaced by a shopping centre.
Thirty-Eight - Istanbul's first underwater railway tunnel opens beneath the Bosphorous this October after 4 years' delay.
Thirty-Nine - TheTurkish alphabet is missing X and Q, but makes up for it with extra letters like the dotless i: “ı”.
Forty - Hezârfen Ahmed Çelebi was a legendary Ottoman aviator of 17th-century Constantinople (present day Istanbul), purported in the writings of traveller Evliya Çelebi to have achieved sustained unpowered flight.
Forty-One - Abdülcanbaz, Gentleman of Istanbul, is a Turkish comic book character whose weapon is the Ottoman slap.
Forty-Two - Writer Perihan Magden, formerly prosecuted for defending conscientious objection, talks antimilitarism in this TEDx talk.
Forty-Three - Turkey has 1650km of coast going along the Black Sea - about the same distance rom Paris to Berlin.
The Turkish Alphabet, image by Ulaş Uğur
Forty-Four - Berlin-based independent publishing house Binooki focuses solely on translating contemporary Turkish writing to German.
Forty-Five - Traditional Turkish ice cream contains Salep and can be eaten with knives and fork. It is believed to originate from the city and region of Maraş and hence also known as Maraş Ice Cream.
Forty-Six - Turkey is the market focus of this year's London Book Fair, which opened today (Monday 15th April).
Forty-Seven - The shortest border of Turkey is 9km (Azerbaijan border) and the longest is 822km (Syrian border).
Forty-Eight - Gevende is a band from Turkey, well known to use an imaginary language throughout their music.
Forty-Nine - In this series of essays, one of the foremost cultural critics in Turkey, Nurdan Gürbilek, analyses the New Cultural Climate of the country.
Fifty - Turkey eats more chicken and red meat than anywhere else in Europe, but the least amount of seafood, despite two thirds of its border being coastline.
Abdülcanbaz, Gentleman of Istanbul, is a Turkish comic book character whose weapon is the Ottoman slap.
Fifty-one - The Nardis jazz club in Istanbul plays host to some of the country's greatest bands. Have a listen to some recent sessions.
Fifty-two - The town of Eski Halfeti in southern Turkey has been submerged by the rising waters of the Birecik dam.
Fifty-three - Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar (1901-1962) was one of the most important modern Turkish novelists, and also a member of parliament from 1942 until 1946.
Fifty-four - The Turkish flag is referred to in the national anthem as the "coy crescent".
Fifty-five - There is a street in Istanbul that is literally called 'Tercüman Çıkmazı' - 'Translator's Dead End'.
Fifty-six - Satirical Sufi Nasreddin Hoca pops up in thousands of Turkish stories, often as the butt of a joke
Fifty-seven - Karaoğlan is a historical Turkish comic book that was created in 1963 by Suat Yalaz.
A dish of seafood. Turkey eats less seafood than anywhere else in Europe, despite two thirds of its border being coastline.
Fifty-eight - Turkey has 15.2 million children between 6 and 17 years old. 893,000 of them work.
Fifty-nine - Arabesque or Arabesk is a term created by Turkish musicologists for an Arabic style of music created in Turkey. The genre was particularly popular in Turkey in the decades from the 1960s through the 1990s.
Sixty - At 18km long, Patara plajı is the longest beach in Turkey, often used to shoot desert scenes for films.
Sixty-One - The state-owned Turkish Airlines has banned its flight crew from wearing bright makeup in a controversial move many have claimed is an attempt to impress Islamic values on its international image.
Sixty-Two - Hrant Dink was the editor of the Armenian newspaper AGOS until he was assassinated at its Istanbul office in 2007.
Sixty-Three - At 784,000 sq km, Turkey is 3.2x larger than the UK, but its population of 75.6m is just 1.2x greater than ours.
The half-submerged town of Eski Halfeti.
Sixty-Four - This map documents the exploration of the New World in 1510 by Ottoman admiral and cartographer Piri Reiss.
Sixty-Five - The city of Istanbul has a population 3 times larger than Ankara, the Turkish capital city.
Sixty-Six - East and South-Eastern Turkey has a far higher fertility rate than the rest of the country.
Sixty-Seven - Three biggest football teams of Turkey are Besiktas, Galatasaray and Fenerbahce.
Sixty-Eight - These vintage posters give an insight into old Turkey.
Sixty-Nine - Turkey is home to Mount Ararat, where Noah’s Ark supposedly came to rest.
Seventy - Turkey came last in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1975, 1983 and 1987, winning in 2003. It has withdrawn from the 2013 contest in protest to new qualification conditions.
Seventy-One – Yesterday (19th May) was a Turkish national holiday celebrating young people, commemorating the beginning of the Turkish War of Independence.
Seventy-Two – Karagöz & Hacivat are the Turkish Punch & Judy: a shadow play popular in the Ottoman period, now popular in a toned-down for children.
Seventy-Three – "Yeşilçam" is the Turkish Hollywood, named after a street in Istanbul where many studios are based:
Seventy-Four – The @BulentJournal is an English online journal about contemporary Turkey.
Seventy-Five - There are over 170 universities in Turkey. (The UK has 120).
Seventy-Six – The Republic of Turkey had four constitutions since 1921, two of which are ratified, including the current one, following coups d'état.
Seventy-Seven – The presidential seal of Turkey has 16 stars and the main hall of the National Assembly has 16 chandeliers signifying 16 past Turkish states across history.
Seventy-Eight – Two of the world’s seven wonders, the Temple of Artemis and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, were built in Turkey.
Seventy-Nine – Tradition in Turkey says that a stranger at one’s doorstep is considered "God’s guest" for at least three days.
Eighty - At dawn this morning, police in Istanbul attacked with tear gas thousands of protestors who had occupied Gezi Park, the city's "last green public space", who were there protesting its proposed transformation into a shopping mall.
Eighty-one - On February 16, 1969, some 150 leftist demonstrators were injured during clashes with right wing groups in what is known asBloody Sunday.
Eighty-two - In the events known as the Taksim Square massacre, thirty-six left-wing demonstrators were killed by unidentified and allegedly right-wing gunmen on the square during the Labour Day demonstrations of May 1, 1977.
Eighty-three - Following many other violent incidents, all forms of group protests were banned in the square and the police units maintained a round-the-clock presence to prevent any incidents. The ban did not apply to surrounding avenues or streets.
Eighty-four - Today, Taksim Square is once again the starting point or destination of many political demonstrations; moreover, mass meetings on Labour Day were permitted for the first time in 2010 and have been taking place peacefully ever since. However, gatherings for events such as New Year's Eve,Republic Day celebrations, or mass-screenings of important football matches are excluded from the ban.
Eighty-five - The annual Istanbul Pride takes place on the square as well.
Eighty-six - The protests in Turkey were sparked by plans to demolish an Istanbul park and replace it with a shopping mall. Turkey's first modern mall, the Galleria Ataköy, opened in Istanbul in 1988, inspired by the Houston Galleria in Houston, Texas, USA.
Eighty-seven - Istanbul is the only city in the world built on two different continents.
Eighty-eight - About 99% of the population of Turkey are registered as Muslim.
Eighty-nine - In Taksim Square, hundreds of protestors chanted the poetry of Nâzım Hikmet Ran to oppose the felling of trees.
Ninety - Half of literature read in Turkey is in translation.
Ninety-one - "Adam" in Turkish means "man".
Ninety-two - Turkey is the birthplace of all these popular historical figures: the biblical Abraham, the poet Homer, St. Paul the Apostle, the storyteller Aesop, and the father of history, Herodotus
Ninety three - Cherries were introduced to the world from Turkey
Ninety-four - It was in 640 BC when coins made of electrum were utilized for the first time in history, namely by King Croesus in Sardis, Turkey.
Ninety-five - The Trojan War took place in Turkey. A wooden statue of the Trojan Horse sits on the site today.
Ninety-six - Ahmet Hamdi Tanpinarı (1901-1962) was one of the most important modern novelists and essayists of Turkish literature.
Ninety-seven - ...He was also a member of the Turkish parliament (the Grand National Assembly of Turkey) between 1942 and 1946.
Ninety-eight - Wearing a headscarf is forbidden in public buildings.
Ninety-nine - Tulips were introduced to the world from Turkey.
One hundred - The average life expectacy in Turkey is 69. (In the UK, it's about 80).